Management of oil and gas in Madagascar


Cooperating institutions
Office of National Mines and Strategic Industries (OMNIS)
Malagasy Ministry of Finance and Budget (MFB)
National Office for the Environment in Madagascar (ONE)

Goals and objectives
Enable Madagascar to utilize its petroleum resources to generate economic growth and welfare for the population in general in an environmentally sustainable manner.

Project period
Planned for 2007– 2011
Frozen in March 2009 due to the political situation

Total budget
NOK 36.1 million. The budget for 2009 was NOK 15 million. The 2009 annual meeting decided to double the budget for the remaining two years of the project.

The programme consists of the following sub-projects:

  • Petroleum policy and strategy
  • Legal and regulatory framework
  • Updating office computer systems
  • Data management
  • Resource assessment
  • Promotion
  • Revenue management
  • Integrity building to control corruption in the petroleum sector
  • Protection of the environment
  • Supervision
  • Application for an extended continental shelf
  • Other training

Oil for Development:
Ms. Solveig Andresen,

Cooperating institutions in Norway
Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (MPE )
Ministry of Finance (MoF)
Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD)
Climate and Pollution Agency (Klif)
Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management (DN)
Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSA)




Country facts Map

Official Name
Republic of Madagascar


Chief of state
Legally elected president Marc Ravalomanana was in March 2009 removed from power and is currently in exile. As of 31 December 2009 the political situation is unsettled.

Head of Government
Prime Minister Charles Rabemananjara to March 2009

20 653 556 (2009 est.)

Petroleum sector, key figures
No oil or gas production (2009)

Organization of the sector
Office of National Mines and Strategic Industries (OMNIS)
– Reports to the Ministry of Energy and Mines.

Brief history of the project

In 2007, the agreement for institutional cooperation between the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Malagasy Ministry of Finance and Budget (MFB) on development cooperation concerning oil and gas management in Madagascar was signed.

Three interrelated agreements were signed for programme implementation: one between the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) and OMNIS, one between the Ministry of Finance (MoF), the MF B and OMNIS, and one between the Climate and Pollution Agency (Klif, then under the name of SFT ) and the Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management (DN), ONE and OMNIS.

Activities in 2009
Due to the political situation the programme was frozen in March 2009 and had not been resumed by year-end. Some activities were carried out by March 2009 under the various subprojects:

Petroleum policy and strategy
The Petroleum Policy Framework for Madagascar was approved by the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM ) in 2009. The completion of this document was achieved through cooperation and advice from the MPE and the MoF.

Legal and regulatory framework
A draft of the Petroleum Act was completed. The MPE and the MoF provided advisory services and quality control through communication and meetings.

Updating office computer systems
New PCs and new LAN are now available for OMNIS. Maintenance procedures are functioning.

Data management
OMNIS staff obtained considerable ArcGIS capability through workshops and dialogue with the NPD. OMNIS populated a geographical database with relevant petroleum data.

Resource assessment
Geoscientists in OMNIS have gained knowledge of petroleum resource mapping, and have entered data on prospects, discoveries and fields into the OMNIS database.

Revenue management
A draft policy paper was completed with advice from the MoF, discussing the macroeconomic and political challenges arising from petroleum extraction, as well as the available policy options.

Protection of the environment
Biodiversity data were compiled and a thematic atlas for identification of sensitive areas was developed through advice from the DN and Klif.

Assistance was given to the development of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) guidelines. The PSA and Klif advised in developing guidelines for compliance monitoring and in carrying out an audit at an oil processing plant.

Application for an extended continental shelf
A desktop study report was completed through extensive advice from the NPD and training by GRIDArendal. OMNIS made an acquisition plan for a bathymetric and seismic survey based on the completed desktop study.

Other training
Two students received scholarships to study at the University of Oslo. One of the students successfully completed a Master’s degree, and returned to resume duties at OMNIS.

English training was provided for OMNIS staff.

Key achievements in 2009 before the coo peration was frozen

OMNIS, with support from OfD, completed a draft of the Petroleum Act.

Based on Norwegian advice and methods used by the NPD, OMNIS became capable of producing regional resource overviews.

Malagasy government officials improved their knowledge on best available technology and best environmental practice with regard to the petroleum industry. OMNI S increased its capacity to form audit teams and carry out industry audits.

Madagascar. Photo: Ragnvald Larsen

Madagascar. Photo: Ragnvald Larsen