In addition to our bilateral country cooperation programmes OfD is also involved in a number of other programmes either directly or via other donors and implementing partners. These programmes, which include our regional efforts in East and South East Asia, West Africa, and East Africa, are presented in this chapter.
CCOP. Photo: Sarawisutra Petcharat
The Coordinating Committee for Geosc ience Programmes in East and Southeast Asia (CCOP)
Enhanced Public Petroleum Management (EPPM)
Brief history of the cooperation
Norway has, as a cooperating country, supported the CCOP since 1976 and has been the main supporter of the CCOP’s petroleum programmes since 1989.
The Petroleum Policy and Management project (PPM ) was successfully completed in 2006.
A new project, Enhanced Public Petroleum Management (EPPM ), was presented to Norad in 2007 and started in 2008. Later, cooperation agreements were signed by the CCOP and the NP D and Petrad. At the 52nd CCOP Steering Committee Meeting in Thailand in November 2008, Timor-Leste was accepted as a new member of the CCOP.
Oil for Development,
Petter Stigset, firstname.lastname@example.org
Cooperating institutions in Norway:
Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD)
Activities in 2009
A number of workshops and meetings were arranged in the project "Metadata on Natural Gas Resources in the CCOP Region", the Joint Basin Study, as well as the CCOP Annual Meeting and the Annual Coordination Meeting between the CCOP and the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Bangkok.
Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand cooperated in the Mergui-North Sumatra basin, with each country contributing to the joint database.
A metadata standard was approved and China developed a data model, search criteria and indices. The participating countries agreed to provide data, and a test version was installed on the CCOP server in Bangkok.
The following EPPM workshops and seminars were arranged as part of the project ”Natural Gas Field Development and Environmental Issues”:
- Development of Natural Gas Resources with high CO2 & Carbon Capture and Storage, in Indonesia (56 participants)
- Workshop on H2S/CO2/HTHP, in China (40 participants)
- Seminar on Carbon Capture & Storage Awareness & Regulations, in Thailand (48 participants)
- Workshop on CO2 / EOR-IOR, in Vietnam (52 participants)
The Coordinating Committee for Geoscience Programmes in East and Southeast Asia (CCOP) is an intergovernmental organization whose mission is to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of applied geoscience programmes in East and Southeast Asia in order to contribute to economic development and the improvement of the quality of life in the region. To this end, the CCOP promotes capacity building, technology transfer, exchange of information and institutional linkages for sustainable resource development, management of geoinformation, geo-hazard mitigation and protection of the environment. The CCOP has twelve member countries: Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam. It is supported by fourteen cooperating countries, namely; Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the Russian Federation, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
West Africa Africa
Brief history of the cooperation
West Africa is a region with high priority under the OfD initiative. Three countries are among OfD’s core countries: Angola, Nigeria and Ghana. The cooperation with other West-African countries will be coordinated through a regional approach. This implies that the capacity building will mostly be done through workshops with participation from a number of states. This will be supplemented with bilateral cooperation when the issues are not suitable for a regional approach. Countries that may receive both regional and bilateral assistance are: the Ivory Coast, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Oil for Development,
Mr. Halvor Musæus, email@example.com
Activities in 2009
A workshop on Petroleum Data Management was held in the Ivory Coast in December 2009. This was a follow-up of a previous workshop, with 45 participants from Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, the Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, São Tomé & Príncipe and Sierra Leone.
A workshop on Environmental Management in the Petroleum Sector was held in the Ivory Coast in April 2009, with participants from Benin, the Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali and Togo.
A workshop on Monitoring of the Upstream Petroleum Sector was held in the Ivory Coast in November 2009, with participants from Benin, Guinea, the Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.
Cooperation with Sierra Leone
The government of Sierra Leone addressed the African Centre for Economic Transformation (ACET ) in Accra, Ghana, asking for assistance in its management of petroleum activities. A cooperation between OfD, Revenue Watch Institute (RWI) and ACET had already been initiated for the establishment of a competence centre for the petroleum sector under the umbrella of ACET. The three parties decided to offer assistance to Sierra Leone as a pilot project for this centre. The first joint mission to Sierra Leone was organized on 11‑16 October 2009, and the second on 29 November– 4 December 2009. The Commonwealth Secretariat also took part in these missions covering petroleum taxation. The President of Sierra Leone, Dr. Ernest Bai Koroma, in a letter to Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg of 15 October 2009, reiterated his request for Norwegian assistance. Assistance has so far focused on a revision of the legal framework, the management of existing licenses, and preparations for an open bidding round for new licenses.
Cooperation with Liberia
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia sent a letter to Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg on 14 December 2009 asking for the same kind of assistance as provided to Sierra Leone.
For the cooperation with the Ivory Coast: read more heere
The East African Community (EAC)
The EAC is the regional intergovernmental organization of the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Burundi and the Republic of Rwanda. The EAC has its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.
The EAC aims at widening and deepening cooperation among the Partner States in areas such as the political, economic and social fields. To this aim the EAC countries established a Customs Union in 2005 and are working towards the establishment of a Common Market by 2010, subsequently a Monetary Union by 2012, and ultimately a Political Federation of the East African States.
The OfD programme has supported the petroleum sector through sponsoring the East African Petroleum Conference, which is organized every second year. In 2009, it was held in Mombasa. The conference has become an important meeting place for the oil exploration sector and holds high quality with regards to transparency and information sharing.
OfD has also supported a regional data management seminar in the EAC region. In 2009, the seminar was held in Mombasa. In addition to the EAC countries, Mozambique, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sudan were invited to the seminar.
Civil society capacity building through Norwegian NGOS
In 2009, seven Norwegian non-governmental organizations (NG Os) were granted a total of NOK 14 495 000 for capacity building of civil society partner organizations in OfD’s cooperating countries.
Ranked according to the size of funds received the organizations were: World Wide Fund for Nature Norway (WWF Norway), Norwegian People’s Aid, the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO), Publish What You Pay Norway (PWYP Norway), Friends of the Earth Norway, Norwegian Students’ and Academics’ International Assistance Fund (SAIH), and Norwegian Church Aid.
Organizations such as PWYP Norway, LO and Norwegian People’s Aid conducted capacity building activities which targeted organizations and individual NGO-members from a range of OfD cooperating countries, whereas SAIH and Norwegian Church Aid worked with civil society in one country only (Bolivia and Mauritania respectively).
Thematically, the Norwegian NGOs worked to build capacity within two main areas: 1) enhanced transparency and accountability in petroleum governance and revenue management, and 2) environmental and social sustainability in petroleum activities.
In 2009, it was decided that allocations for 2010 and onwards would be made on a three-year basis, in order to enhance predictability for the Norwegian NGOs and their partner organizations and to minimize the administrative burden on the NGOs and Norad.
Civil society capacity building through Revenue Watch Institute
In December 2006, the Revenue Watch Institute (RWI) received a grant of USD 3 million from OfD to be used as core institutional support over the course of three years. The purpose of the RWIOfD programme was to help oil, gas and mining dependent countries avoid the “resource curse” through the promotion of transparent and accountable management of the revenues generated by the extractive industries.
Under this agreement RWI received NOK 7.2 million in 2009. The funds were spent on research, technical assistance to governments, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) capacity building of civil society organizations and grant-making to civil society actors.
Among the most important research activities was a methodology for the Revenue Transparency Index, as well as a prominent role in the drafting of the Natural Resource Charter, which aims to translate experience into practical policy guidelines to assist countries to better manage and invest natural resource revenues. RWI also played a pivotal role in supporting civil society in countries that have recently signed up to implement EITI , both through guidebooks and training sessions. In cooperation with OfD and the African Centre for Economic Transformation (ACET ) RWI carried out a pilot technical assistance programme in Sierra Leone. More limited technical assistance was also provided to Nigeria concerning a petroleum industry bill. RWI provided grants to a number of civil society organizations in OfD cooperation countries in Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Middle East.
In late 2009, OfD decided to enter into a new agreement with RWI from 2010-2012. For the time being OfD does not have the administrative capacity to fund other international NGOs directly. However, earlier in 2009 the international NGO Global Witness received NOK 66 000 to complete a project initiated in 2008.
The Petroleum Governance Initiative (PGI )
The PGI is a bilateral collaboration between the Government of Norway and the World Bank Group. PGI activity deliverables include technical assistance and capacity building, consensusbuilding and advocacy, global knowledge management and dissemination of best practice and lessons learned. The PGI works at both global and country-specific levels. The aim of the cooperation with the World Bank is to engage in project areas where Norway has little specialist knowledge or lacks the resources to implement the project. Projects should preferably be implemented in countries that are already cooperating with OfD.
Total grant amount approved since the inception in 2006
NOK 36 million
Key activities in 2009
Petroleum sector governance and petroleum revenue management
Ghana: Assistance on regulatory issues was provided to the Ministry of Energy.
Rwanda: Training was provided to various ministries on petroleum sector governance, focusing on the exploration phase. Training included fiscal terms and assistance on the model PSA.
Cambodia: Training was provided to government agencies on how to manage key operational matters before the development and production of oil starts.
Vietnam: Gas sector planning and policy assistance was provided to the Ministry of Energy and Trade.
Global: A study on “Gas for the poor” was initiated to assess how energy poverty can be relieved through better use of gas resources in developing countries.
Mauritania: A social and environmental strategic assessment was initiated in 2009, but due to the political Civil soc iety ca pac ity building through Revenue Watch Institute The Petroleum Governance Initiative (PGI) situation this item has been delayed.
Global: A global survey of environmental management systems in oil producing countries was conducted. Results and recommendations were discussed with partner countries.
Global: Preparations for a Best Practices tool kit on decommissioning were initiated.
Global: An information clearing house (www.commdev.org) is being maintained. The site includes resources targeted at practitioners of community development in governments, companies and civil society. An average of 1250 users visit the site every day.
Global: Sustainability planning/ valuations tool for extractive companies is being developed. The tool is used by companies to make strategic decisions on their sustainability investments.
Colombia: Two royalty management projects were conducted to assist municipalities in their management of royalties from extractive industries.
Peru: One project to enhance output from community royalty investments, and one project to strengthen local small and medium size businesses in communities were conducted.
Bolivia: One project to enhance indigenous business opportunities (“Enhancing benefits of Transierra’s Indigenous Development Plan”) was conducted.
Extractive Industries – Technical Advisory Facility (EI -TAF)
EI -TAF was established in 2009. The facility organizes assistance related to contract negotiations and associated policy reforms/frameworks. In the start-up year 2009, EI -TAF assistance within the petroleum sector was provided only to Rwanda, but preparations for other countries are under way.
International Monetary Fund (IMF )
The IMF and Oil for Development entered into a bilateral cooperation in the spring of 2009. OfD draws on the IMF s capacity on petroleum resource wealth and revenue management in our involvement in countries of cooperation.
Total grant amount approved
NOK 10 million
Approved key activities in 2009 within a total of NOK 4.5 million
Activities as part of Bolivia’s “Public Finance Reform and Resource Management” project. One mission focused on tax policy, and provided a comprehensive diagnosis of the tax system, including natural resource taxation. The second mission provided technical assistance on Public Financial Management issues looking more broadly at Bolivia’s current fiscal responsibility law.
Focus is on the Oil Tax Administration of Uganda. The broad objectives of the project are:
- Development and implementation of effective oil tax administration procedures.
- Necessary legal amendments to the tax law.
- Improvements in organizational arrangements.
- To ensure provision of necessary IT support.
- To assist taxpayers in understanding their obligations under the new tax regime.
Conference in Accra, Ghana on the subject of Tax Administration and Resource Tax. The focus was to reinforce best practice in general taxation and to introduce resource taxation best practices at both the policy and administration level.
Petrad’s eightweek courses
Petrad designed and developed two eight-week programmes in the period 1990-91 assisted by key resource personnel from the Norwegian petroleum research institutions and industry. One programme focused on “Petroleum Policy and Resource Management” and the other on “Petroleum Development and Operations”.
The two programmes were arranged for the first time in 1991, with 20+20 participants from 18 countries. The programmes run in parallel and have been repeated every autumn from 1991 until today. The programmes have become internationally recognized for their combination of applied petroleum management, practical case studies, industrial visits and a substantial social programme.
Petroleum Policy and Resource Management
Petrad’s programme “Petroleum Policy and Resource Management” concentrates on how a country can develop its petroleum resources in the best way to the benefit of all the people in the country. The programme is based on the premise that these resources can add substantially to a nation’s development and wealth, and should be managed by national authorities. It is also recognized that profit-seeking companies, often coming from outside the nation in question, can bring technical, organizational and financial capabilities, which will be decisive for a successful development of petroleum resources. However, this requires a proper legal framework and efficient monitoring by the authorities.
Petroleum Development and Operations
Petrad’s programme “Petroleum Development and Operations” will increase the participants’ skills and give them tools to assist their country’s authorities with the management and monitoring of the development and operation Petrad’s eightweek co urses phases. It is designed to introduce and communicate alternative options for how to manage offshore petroleum developments and operations.
Since the inception in 1991 a total of 831 people from 77 participating countries have graduated from the two programmes. Financed through OfD, 13 people completed the Petroleum Policy and Resource Management programme and 11 people completed the Petroleum Development and Operations programme in 2009.
Norad’s Master programme for Energy and Petroleum (EnPe)
Norad’s Master Programme for Energy and Petroleum was launched in 2009. This is, as the name suggests, a joint support programme for petroleum and renewable energy related higher education. The programme aims to contribute to the education of staff in the energy and petroleum sectors through building capacity at the Master level in higher education institutions (HEI ) in the South.
The programme is managed by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and a separate Programme Board. HEI in the South and in Norway submit joint project proposals to the Programme Board, which decides on project funding. The first allocations were made in December 2009.
The objectives of the EnPe programme are:
- To support the development of Master programmes at HEI in the South through close collaboration with HEI in Norway in accordance with national needs
- To achieve, in a longer term perspective, sustainable capacity of institutions in the South to provide the national work force with adequate qualifications within selected academic fields of study of relevance to the energy and petroleum sectors
- To stimulate South-South-North cooperation through support to the development of regional Master programmes
- To enhance gender equality in all programme activities
- To strengthen and further develop the competence of Norwegian HEI to integrate global as well as developmental perspectives in their professional work
International Association FOR Impact Assess ments (IAIA)
The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) is a forum for advancing innovation, development, and communication of best practice in impact assessment. In 2009, OfD provided stipends for 14 participants from eight OfD cooperating countries to participate in the annual IAIA-conference, which was held in Accra, Ghana. The support was administered by the Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR). On OfD’s request NIBR also developed a separate programme for the OfD-funded participants. This programme consisted of an introductory programme ahead of the conference itself, one thematic forum that dealt particularly with impact assessments in the oil and gas sector, two so-called concurrent sessions which focused on specific OfD cooperating countries issues, as well as a post-conference session titled “Oil and gas developments; the need for impact assessment, capacity building and monitoring”.