Gender: A cross-cutting effort

Oil for Development approaches petroleum sector management through three integrated thematic areas: resource management, environmental management and revenue management. Below, we summarize the results of our work in 2010 on an important topic that cuts across these three thematic areas: gender.




Attention to women’s rights and gender equality continues to be weak especially in the energy sector. Gender mainstreaming (GM) in the OfD programme is the process of systematically integrating the different needs, interests and priorities of not only men but also of women in policies and activities of institutions in the petroleum sector. The process implies gender analysis, development of gender strategies and action plans, establishing gender disaggregated data and baselines, adjusting energy programme result matrixes as well as the documentation of results of gender mainstreaming activities.

In 2010 there was a strong focus on gender issues in OfD, in joint effort with the Clean Energy (CE) Initiative in Norad:

  • Norad entered into a three-year frame agreement totalling up to NOK 5 million with Energia – a leading international network on gender and sustainable energy that works to create an institutional base for mainstreaming gender into the energy sector in developing countries. Energia produced a progress report and toolkit with suggestions on how to target gender entry points in OfD.
  • Development of an action plan for GM in energy programmes was initiated and will be finalized in 2011. This is the first GM strategy Norad has developed for a technical sector, such as the energy sector.
  • Petrad and Energia started cooperating within GM in Petrad’s result matrixes, manuals and courses as well as through the exchange of networks and competence.
  • A background paper for the upcoming World Bank’s World Development Report 2012 dealing with gender issues was initiated. The paper is an in-depth discussion on the cultural and institutional factors which affect the use of different technologies and the implications such factors may have for policy. The discussion draws on case studies from Zanzibar and rural South Africa.
  • On request from the Norwegian Embassy in Maputo, Energia was engaged to develop GM in energy cooperation with Mozambique. Needs and possibilities for strengthening GM within the CE and OfD cooperation with Mozambique are assessed and a targeted programme of support will be suggested. The assignment is a good example of an in-depth strategic process of GM in OfD at the country level.