Contributing facts to the Climate Cure

The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) is one of the participants in the Government's Climate Cure 2020 project. Its role is to supply a factual basis for a number of potential measures designed to cut emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Storting (Norwegian Parliament) has decided that Norway's greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by 15-17 million tonnes by 2020, which means a 25% cut in current emission levels.
The Ministry of the Environment has assigned the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (SFT) the task of leading an expert group in Climate Cure 2020. In addition to the NPD, other members of this expert group are Statistics Norway, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration and the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. The group will evaluate policy instruments and measures aimed at achieving Norway's climate goal.

The NPD has a particular responsibility for identifying measures that can be implemented in the petroleum activities, the consequences of such measures, and how much they will cost. This work is focused on measures to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2).

The petroleum activities account for 31 per cent of Norway's total carbon dioxide emissions, and the NPD will examine measures and costs of carbon capture and storage, as well as transport of CO2 from the Kårstø, Mongstad and Snøhvit facilities.

Other measures the NPD is studying include coordination of the power supply between multiple oil and gas fields so as to save electricity and thus reduce CO2 emissions. Wind turbines are also being considered as a source of power for the fields, as well as power from land.

"It is important for the NPD to state the facts and highlight both positive and negative consequences of the policy instruments," says principal engineer Bente Jarandsen in the NPD's Climate Cure group.

The final report from Climate Cure 2020 will be submitted on 1 November 2009. This report will form the basis for decisions on climate measures the Storting plans to make in 2010.

Topics: Environment