Helping Nigeria to reduce gas flaring
17/09/2007 Flaring gas results in significant emissions of carbon dioxide. The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) is advising the oil authorities in Nigeria on how to reduce gas burning.
Burning gas in flares is a necessary safety measure on the facilities to prevent explosions e.g. in pressurised systems. Flaring in excess of what is required for safety purposes is normally not permitted in Norway. This means that the emissions from the Norwegian petroleum activities are low compared with other countries.
Norway's experience with gas flaring is one of the reasons why representatives of the Nigerian oil authorities recently visited the NPD. Nigeria has large quantities of gas that the country wants to utilise in the best possible manner.
"We want to draw on Norway's experience as regards policy, sharing data, organising and following up the country's gas activities," says Oliver C. Okparaotiako, representative of the DPR (Department of Petroleum Resources) in Nigeria.
There has been substantial recent focus on the extensive burning of gas that takes place in Nigeria – about 40 per cent of the gas - and how this can be reduced.
Nigeria has developed a paramount gas plan which includes important elements such as export of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas), injection of gas to improve oil recovery and examination of the possibilities of using the gas internally in Nigeria.
"Key elements of this work are how the authorities are organised and the development of central petroleum regulations. We hope that the experience gained on the Norwegian shelf can benefit countries that are struggling with this problem," says Steinar Njå, project manager for the NPD's cooperation with Nigeria.
The cooperation between the two countries has been underway for several years. Intsok (Norwegian Oil and Gas Partners) are responsible for the industrial cooperation, while the NPD coordinates the authorities' collaboration.
Contact in the NPD:
Eldbjørg Vaage Melberg, tel. +47 51 87 61 00.
Nigeria wants to learn more about how it can use its gas, instead of burning it up. Visiting the NPD, from the left are: Francis O. Akintimehn, Oliver C. Okparaotiako, Okechukwu A. Okoro and Francis Chucks Onyenefa.