Oil and gas in the 21st century (OG21)
OG21 develops Norway’s national technology strategy for the petroleum industry and is chaired by the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy. It has four work groups where the need for research and development can be highlighted and entrenched.
- Energy efficiency and the environment
- Exploration and improved recovery
- Drilling, completions and intervention
- Production, processing and transport
Comprising representatives from the petroleum sector, academia and government, this forum establishes the strategy which sets priorities for the public sector’s commitment to R&D in the industry. OG21 renews its strategy every fifth year, most recently in November 2016.
Private and public sector players are urged by the OG21 forum to base their priorities on its OG21 strategy. This outlines a joint national commitment to strengthening research and development, demonstration and commercialisation of technology which can overcome challenges for Norway’s petroleum industry.
The NPD sits on the OG21 board and in the four work groups where the need for R&D can be highlighted and entrenched. Great attention is paid to the significance of implementing new Technology.
READ MORE: OG21.no
Petromaks 2 and Demo 2000
Government funding of petroleum research is primarily organised through the Petromaks 2 and Demo 2000 programmes at the Research Council of Norway. These help to realise the goals set in the OG21 strategy.
Petromaks 2 is a long-term programme which conducts basic and applied research. Demo 2000’s purpose is to qualify new technology which can help to reduce costs, enhance efficiency and improve performance on the NCS.
The NPD is represented on the boards of both programmes, and can contribute through its knowledge of the NCS to ensuring that research funds are applied where the challenges and potential are greatest. Such funding aims to help strengthen the industry’s own commitment to developing new technology, and is applied to the further development of projects relevant for value creation on the NCS.
In addition, the NPD has an observer role in the national petroleum centres. These are the National IOR Centre of Norway, located in Stavanger, and the Research Centre for Arctic Petroleum Exploration (ARCEx) in Tromsø. These centres receive funding from the Research Council (Forskningsrådet).
FORCE is a collaboration forum for the petroleum industry and the Norwegian government. Its purpose is to improve recovery of oil and gas by sharing knowledge and experience across production licences and companies. Force will help to increase understanding of reservoir geology and development, and of qualifying exploration methods.
Seven network groups have been established in FORCE to ensure the execution of projects in the forum and collaboration over pilot projects.
Forty-nine oil companies were members of FORCE in 2016, when a total of 19 seminars and working meetings were held on topics related to exploration, reservoir and improved recovery on the NCS. Almost 1 600 people participated in these events.
The seminar on uncertainty handling in static-dynamic modelling workflows is an example to events organised by the integrated reservoir modelling network group. (Illustration: Repsol Norge AS)
In addition to being an active participant in technical committees and network groups, the NPD acts as the secretariat for FORCE.
READ MORE: Force.org
The operators provide their assessments and plans for testing and utilising new technology to the NPD through annual status reports for fields on stream.
Where drilling and well technology is concerned, reports cover such matters as solutions developed and adopted for the most cost-effective drilling in reservoirs with challenging pressure differentials.
However, reports submitted in 2016 made less mention of new technology which can provide access to difficult resources, extended reach and so forth. As fields age, continued development of cost-effective solutions which can maintain and permit the production of remaining profitable resources becomes a matter of urgency.
A well on Troll can cover an area the size of Manhattan in New York. (Illustration: Statoil)
Developing and implementing new drilling and well technology must have a high priority as an important measure for growing reserves in fields. A good example of an innovative solution which has been qualified and adopted in this area is provided by valves for production optimisation and zone control on the Troll field.
Combined with drilling multilateral wells, these devices have provided the basis for improved recovery from the field. The experience gained has also contribute to continued development of technologies for further optimisation of recovery.
SEE ALSO: Other relevant drilling innovations